China\u2019s dramatic rise as a technology superpower must be addressed to secure future technology, according to Lindy Cameron, CEO of the UK National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC). Cameron was speaking during the opening of the CyberUK annual conference in Belfast where she warned that the UK and its allies cannot afford to fail to keep pace with China in cyberspace.In March, the UK government published its Integrated Review Refresh, which set out a new approach to managing the security challenges posed by China.AI, quantum computing, semiconductors vital to China\u2019s national securityChina has identified several existing and emerging technologies \u2013 AI, quantum computing, and semiconductors \u2013 as being vital to its future national security, Cameron said. \u201cIt has an aspiration to become a world leader in setting technological standards. So, we need to be clear: China is not only pushing for parity with Western countries, it is aiming for global technological supremacy.\u201dLast year marked the first anniversary of China\u2019s Data Security Law that requires security researchers to report vulnerabilities to the state, before disclosing them to other entities, delivering strategic advantage to China in further developing its cyber capabilities, Cameron added. \u201cChina continues to use cyber in pursuit of its comprehensive global intelligence collection and surveillance platform, to acquire intellectual property and achieve its strategic geopolitical goals.\u201dWestern cybersecurity sector must keep pace with China in cyberspaceWestern cybersecurity must keep pace with China\u2019s advancements, or we risk China becoming the predominant power in cyberspace, Cameron warned. \u201cWe have a legitimate concern about whether the technology China is producing will allow us to secure ourselves effectively in a way that means we can do cybersecurity in 10 years\u2019 time.\u201dPeople developing these technologies must ensure they can be used safely for genuine public benefit as opposed to simply for national strategic advantage, Cameron said. \u201cWe possess huge advantages that gives me confidence that we\u2019ll keep pace: our liberal economy, democratic values, and collaborative allies. Collaboration is one of the keys to our success. Only through collaboration between industry, government and academia will we maintain a cyberspace which is a safe and prosperous place for everyone.\u201dA few hours prior to Cameron\u2019s address, the NCSC published a new alert about emerging Russian, state-aligned groups targeting UK critical national infrastructure.