Technically speaking, almost all components of ransomware, such as spear phishing, watering hole attacks involving popular and trustworthy websites, antivirus evasion techniques or data encryption algorithms, are well-known and have been used separately by hackers since years. However, modern ransomware certainly merits a classification as one of the most evolving sectors of cybercrime in 2017.\n\nThough it is quite difficult to calculate the overall damage caused by ransomware in 2016, some researchers state that cybercriminals received over $1 billion in ransom payments last year. Others mention a 3,500% increase in the criminal use of infrastructure that helps run ransomware campaigns. Carbon Black says that ransomware is the fastest growing malware across industries, up 50% in 2016. Technology (218%), utilities and energy (112%) and banking (93%) saw the highest year-on-year ransomware growth last year.\n\nDue to an important lack of qualified technical personnel and other resources, law enforcement agencies are globally unprepared to detect, prevent and prosecute this type of digital crime. Moreover, more and more cases of ransom payment by the police have become public, while those police officers who dare to resist take a substantive risk. There is the Texas police who lost eight years of their investigative work and all of the evidence by refusing to pay cybercriminals. This sad statistic explains why the majority of despaired victims of cybercrime fail to report it to the law enforcement agencies.\n\nAttackers can easily rent a Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) infrastructure for as low as $39.99 per month, making up to $195,000 of monthly profit without much effort in comparison to other niches of digital fraud and crime. The business of ransomware has become so attractive that some cybercriminals don\u2019t even bother to actually encrypt the data, but just extort money from their victims with fake malware. The victims are so scared by media stories about ransomware, combined with law enforcement agencies\u2019 inability to protect them or at least to punish the offenders, that they usually pay.\n\nThe new generation of ransomware attacks IoT and smart devices, locking not only mobiles and smart TVs, but also doors in hotels and air conditioning systems in luxury smart houses. Criminals switch from file encryption to database encryption and web applications, demonstrating a great scalability of ransomware tactics.\n\nTo increase their profits, hacking teams behind the ransomware campaigns now threaten to send the victim\u2019s sensitive data to all of their contacts instead of just deleting it. Cryptocurrencies allow attackers to receive online payments almost without any risk of being traced and prosecuted. Despite the media hype around blockchain\u2019s ability to reinvent and improve the world, so far only the cybercriminals have entirely leveraged the full potential of this emerging technology.\n\nA simple business model, high profits, accessibility and affordability of resources to deploy large-scale attacking campaigns, and low risks in comparison to other sectors of (cyber)crime, assure the flourishing future of ransomware. All of this without mentioning the problem of global inequality actually causing the cybercrime, which I briefly described in Forbes recently.\n\nNonetheless, it does not mean that organizations should give up. The FBI confirms the skyrocketing problem of ransomware, but suggests relying on prevention rather than paying ransom to the criminals. PwC also suggests to plan and prepare the organization to this kind of incident in order to have internal capabilities to recover without suffering important financial losses.\n\nSome cybersecurity vendors, like SentinelOne, contractually guarantee protection and provide a financial insurance for their clients. Others, like Kaspersky, offer free tools to decrypt data compromised by popular malware. Last, but not least, Europol\u2019s No More Ransom public-private partnership with other law enforcement agencies and leading cybersecurity companies, provides a comprehensive collection of free tools to recover the data and clean the systems infected with ransomware.\n\nBelow are six essential steps that will help you avoid paying ransoms:\n\nBy following those rules, any company and organization can significantly reduce their risk of having to pay ransom. Attackers would rather target easy and unprepared victims, instead of spending their efforts on any particular organization. Properly implemented security standards, like ISO 27001, can also prevent the vast majority of costly ransomware incidents.\n\nHowever, keep in mind that information security starts with factual security, not with a paper-based compliance. If your IT infrastructure is secure in practice, you will not only easily pass the majority of compliance and regulation requirements, but you will also defend your business from many vectors of cybercrime, including the growing monster of ransomware.