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Old Java versions breed new security exploits

Nov 15, 20113 mins
Application SecurityData and Information SecurityJava

You may be tempted to keep various versions of Java running on your systems, but doing so leaves you exposed to security threats

There’s no denying the popularity of Java, as evidenced by its ubiquity on home and work systems worldwide. But it’s easy for computers — both in homes and at organizations — to have multiple versions of Java installed, thus exposing those systems to security exploits. IT admins need to do a better job of closing those holes. One critical step, which I’ve recommended for years, is for admins and users to update to the most recent version of Java (applications permitting) and to remove all other existing versions.

Java’s security shortcomings are well documented. It, along with Adobe products, made up all top 10 successful exploit spots last year, according to Kaspersky. What’s more, Microsoft’s Security Intelligence Report 11 noted that Java was “responsible for between one-third and one-half of all [recent] exploits.” Over the past six months, I’ve found Java to be the most common exploit vector in all the cases I’ve personally investigated. Even Oracle recommends that customers remove old versions of Java and use only the latest patched versions.

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Three factors contribute to Java’s unenviable “use with caution” status: First, Java is cross-platform. Almost every computer, regardless of OS, runs it. That makes it a juicy target for hackers. Second, many computers contain multiple versions, usually unbeknownst to the user. Third, at least one of those versions is unpatched. Java links can contain software that easily check for which versions a client browser is running; within a few seconds, a malicious program can hone in on an old, unpatched version.

Removing all old versions of Java and running only the latest, patched versions is easier said than done. For one, new Java installs don’t necessarily uninstall the older versions automatically. That’s because some Java applications require specific versions in order to run. I’ve had clients with 5 to 10 different versions of Java installed, and they were scared to remove a single version for fear of breaking something.

In most cases, Java applications will work with any version of the software. It’s just that no one has time to test it. If you’re running apps that don’t play well with the newest versions of Java, they probably need fixing ASAP.

To get started in purging old versions of Java from your systems, you can check which versions you have installed and where using any software inventory program or patch checker. My favorite software patch checks are Secunia’s CSI, PSI, and OSI programs. You can also simply check Add/Remove Programs in Windows (or Programs/Uninstall a Program in Windows Vista/Server 2008 and later). For more guidance, check out Microsoft Principal Consultant Aaron Margosis’s recent blog entry about Java.

IT shops should make a Java (legacy version) eradication program a top priority. While you’re at it, look for duplicate, older versions of Adobe Flash and Adobe Acrobat Reader. Those two other apps round out the top 10 client-side successful exploits. Want good bang for your buck? You got it.

This story, “Old Java versions breed new security exploits,” was originally published at Keep up on the latest developments in network security and read more of Roger Grimes’s Security Adviser blog at For the latest business technology news, follow on Twitter.


Roger A. Grimes is a contributing editor. Roger holds more than 40 computer certifications and has authored ten books on computer security. He has been fighting malware and malicious hackers since 1987, beginning with disassembling early DOS viruses. He specializes in protecting host computers from hackers and malware, and consults to companies from the Fortune 100 to small businesses. A frequent industry speaker and educator, Roger currently works for KnowBe4 as the Data-Driven Defense Evangelist and is the author of Cryptography Apocalypse.

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