Apple's 'walled garden' cracked by hacked charger

Researchers exploit hardware vulnerability to compromise iPhone with fake Facebook app

Apple security

Storming a castle's walls isn't always the best way to bring them down. Sometimes less direct siege methods work better, as a trio of researchers discovered when launching an attack on the walled garden Apple's built around its iPhone.

The Georgia Tech researchers demonstrated at the Black Hat security conference in Las Vegas this week a method for using a home-brewed charger to substitute an infected version of Facebook's iPhone app for the legitimate software with no one being the wiser.

For Apple, the demo is the second time in recent weeks that cracks have begun to show in the company's "walled garden" around its mobile ecosystem. A week ago, a website the company runs for its developers was penetrated by a Turkish security researcher and some 100,000 member records removed from the site.

"A walled garden is just that: a wall," Tom Kellermann, vice president of cyber security for Trend Micro, said via email. "The method employed demonstrates a technique to tunnel under that wall."

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Because the vulnerability discovered by the researchers involves a hardware flaw, it could present a difficult security challenge for Apple, Kellermann said. But since the tactic only works on a one-to-one basis, the attack isn't very scalable.

"Apple's greatest vulnerability still lies in attacks targeting apps and websites running in Safari," Kellermann added.

Choosing Apple, considered a very secure ecosystem, as a target for their demonstration made the attack more fascinating, said Alex Watson, director of security research at Websense.

The level of detail in the demo also impressed Watson. "It wasn't just a proof of concept saying, 'This is possible,'" he said in an interview. "They were able to very surreptitiously delete a Facebook application and put a compromised Facebook application in the exact same spot on the screen where the previous one existed.

"It shows a very convincing and very repeatable attack that would very hard to detect," he added.

To attack an iPhone 5, the researchers -- Billy Lau and graduate students Yeongjin Jang and Chengyu Song -- built a bogus charger based on a $45 single-board computer called a BeagleBoard. The box -- dubbed Mactan, the scientific name for the Black Widow spider -- exploits code in the operating system that allows anyone with a developer's license to install custom software on the handset.

Once connected to the phone, Mactan reads the handset's Unique Device Identifier, registers it as a developer's test device and then uses those privileges to install malware.

The compromised Facebook app contained a Trojan that could capture screenshots and button touches and send them to a server connected to the Internet.

The researchers were not immediately available for comment.

Apple did not respond to a request for comment on the hack, but it has reportedly moved to address the problem. The issue has already been addressed in the latest beta of iOS 7, the next version of Apple's mobile operating system expected to be finalized this fall, Reuters reported.

"The good news is that the researchers informed Apple and iOS 7 will have protection in place against this vulnerability," security analyst Graham Cluley said by email. "What isn't clear at this stage is whether Apple is also going to roll out a security update for earlier versions of iOS."

Pending the release of a patch, he said, iPhone owners should be charging their iOS devices only from an electrical socket in the wall or by plugging it into their own computers.

Since the researchers' exploit only works on an unlocked iPhone, it's also wise for users to lock their phones and secure them with a strong password.

Nevertheless, depending on how Apple chooses to patch the flaw, it could be exploited in the future. "If Apple only patches iOS 7 and leaves other devices unprotected, then there may well be targeted attacks against specific individuals using this method," Cluley said.

Copyright © 2013 IDG Communications, Inc.

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