Wireless VPNs: Protecting the Wireless Wanderer

Employees sipping café Java over their wireless laptops may think a VPN makes them safe and secure. With careful configuration, there's some chance they're right

Road warriors wirelessly connecting to the corporate network from hot spots at airports or coffee outlets. Just a few years ago, nightmare stories were common of even casual bystanders being able to eavesdrop on corporate communications made in such circumstances. As a result, there's a widespread acceptance that Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) are pretty much de rigueur for wireless use on the road.

But just how much security does a VPN provide? The answer, it seems, is "not as much as you might imagine." "People tend to fixate on the word 'private' in virtual private network,'" warns Jeremy Cioara, an author of five books for Cisco Press and a security instructor for training provider CBT Nuggets, based in Eugene, Ore. "They're sitting in Starbucks working at their laptop, and they think that because they're using a VPN, it's safe. It isn't."

So how should a CISO or CSO go about selecting a VPN that is safe and secure? How should it be configured and managed in order to maintain that security? And to what extent do security provisions in the layers of technology around the VPN impact the overall security of the connection it provides? As growing numbers of remote users communicate with their corporate networks via VPN-over-wireless, such questions are increasingly taking center-stage. The bottom line: It's not so much the VPN itself, but the environment in which it sits that the real vulnerabil- ity lies.

When it comes to choosing a VPN, there's certainly a wide range of choice—and price tags—available. For a free, open-source VPN, for instance, check out OpenVPN, which claims three million users and 150,000 downloads a month. There's a free VPN built into Microsoft Windows XP, too, in the form of its implementation of the Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP).

Fast-growing, New York-based Castle Brands uses a PPTP-based VPN—having first weighed open-source and proprietary VPNs.

"We tried to keep the cost down, without compromising security," says director of IT Andre Preoteasa. "Throw in the up-front cost of some VPNs, the additional hardware, license fees and yearly support costs, and costs soon climb. With PPTP, if you've got Windows XP, you pretty much have it."

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