The Security Certification Directory

Security Certification
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Certifications provide a way to expand and/or demonstrate professional expertise. A wide variety of certifications are available in security and related disciplines. This directory provides brief descriptions of certs in information and physical security, business continuity, audit and other areas, with links to details from the issuing organizations.

MOST RECENT UPDATE 10/24/12 (Added forensic and risk management certs; other updates)

For more personal development resources, see also: Dual Threats: How to Build Expertise in Multiple Subjects.Security and Business: Communication 101.

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INFORMATION SECURITY CERTIFICATIONS

Certificate of Cloud Security Knowledge
Issuing Org.: Cloud Security Alliance
Description: "The Cloud Security Alliance has developed a widely adopted catalogue of security best practices, the "Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Focus in Cloud Computing, V2.1". In addition, the European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) whitepaper "Cloud Computing: Benefits, Risks and Recommendations for Information Security" is an important contribution to the cloud security body of knowledge.
More information: https://ccsk.cloudsecurityalliance.org/

The Certificate of Cloud Security Knowledge (CCSK) provides evidence that an individual has successfully completed an examination covering the key concepts of the CSA guidance and ENISA whitepaper. "

Certified Information Systems Professional, CISSP
Issuing Org.: Information Systems Security Certification Consortium (ISC)2
Description: "The CISSP is a certification for information security professionals&for the purpose of recognizing individuals who have distinguished themselves as an experienced, knowledgeable, and proficient information security practitioner. The CISSP certificate also provides a means of identifying those persons who subscribe to a rigorous requirement for maintaining their knowledge and proficiency in the information security profession."
Requirements: "Certification is awarded to those individuals who achieve a prescribed level of information security experience, comply with a professional code of ethics, and pass a rigorous examination on the Common Body of Knowledge of information security. In order to maintain currency in the field, each CISSP must be recertified every three years by participation in research or study, attendance at recognized subject-matter training and professional educational programs, presentation or publication of information security papers, contributions to the information security Common Body of Knowledge, and service in professional organizations."
More information: www.isc2.org/cissp/default.asp

Systems Security Certification Practitioner (SSCP)
Issuing Org.: (ISC)2
Description: "SSCP Certification was designed to recognize an international standard for practitioners of information security [IS] and understanding of a Common Body of Knowledge (CBK). It focuses on practices, roles and responsibilities as defined by experts from major IS industries. Certification can enhance an IS career and provide added credibility. Seven SSCP information systems security test domains are covered in the examination pertaining to the Common Body of Knowledge: Access Controls, Administration, Audit and Monitoring, Risk, Response and Recovery, Cryptography, Data Communications, Malicious Code/Malware
Requirements: Examination, Certification, Endorsement, Audit
More information: www.isc2.org

To be issued a certificate, a candidate must:

-Pass the SSCP examination with a scaled score of 700 points or greater

-Submit a properly completed and executed Endorsement Form

-Successfully pass an audit of their assertions regarding professional experience, if the candidate is selected for audit

Endorsement - Once a candidate has been notified they have successfully passed the SSCP examination, he or she will be required to have his or her application endorsed before the credential can be awarded. The endorser attests that the candidate's assertions regarding professional experience are true to the best of their knowledge, and that the candidate is in good standing within the information security industry.

Audit Passing candidates will be randomly selected and audited by (ISC)² Services prior to issuance of any certificate. Multiple certifications may result in a candidate being audited more than once."

Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC)Issuing Org.: SANS InstituteDescription: "Designed to serve the people who are or will be responsible for managing and protecting important information systems and networks. GIAC course specifications & combine the opinions, knowledge, and expertise of many of the world's most experienced front-line security and system administrators, intrusion detection analysts, consultants, auditors, and managers. Requirements: "There are no official prerequisites to take the GIAC certifications. Any candidate who feels that he or she has the knowledge and ability to pass the certification requirements may take the certification. However, students should be aware of the technical level of the course they wish to take. The 500 level courses are more advanced than the 400 and the 400 more advanced than the 300. Be certain you are not starting at a level that is more difficult than you are prepared for. Some class descriptions provide a "quiz" to make sure you are prepared for that level course, such as Sec-502 and Sec-503 which assume that the student has a working knowledge of the technology in question and a firm grasp of TCP/IP."More information: www.giac.org

The GIAC certification program consists of:

-Information Security KickStart

-LevelOne Security Essentials

-LevelTwo subject area modules"

Certified Information Security Manager (CISM)
Issuing Org.: ISACA
Description: "Awarded by the Information Systems Audit and Control Association& a new certification and is specifically geared toward experienced information security professionals. CISM is business-oriented and focused on information risk management while addressing management, design and technical security issues at the conceptual level. It is for the individual who must maintain a view of the big picture by managing, designing, overseeing and assessing an enterprise's information security."
Requirements:
More information: www.isaca.org

-Successfully complete the CISM Examination

-Adhere to the Information Systems Audit and Control Association's Code of Professional Ethics

-Submit verified evidence of a minimum of five (5) years of information security work experience, with a minimum of three (3) years of information security management work experience in three or more the CISM job practice areas

CompTIA Security+ Certification
Issuing Org.: CompTIA
Description:
"CompTIA Security+ validates knowledge of systems security, network infrastructure, access control, assessments and audits, cryptography and organizational security."
Requirements: "Although not a prerequisite, it is recommended that CompTIA Security+ candidates have at least two years of on-the-job technical networking experience, with an emphasis on security. The CompTIA Network+ certification is also recommended."
More information: certification.comptia.org/security/default.aspx

Certified CISO (C|CISO)
Issuing Org.: EC Council
Description: "Technical knowledge grounded in organizations' operations and objectives." Requirements: "Must have cumulative minimum of 3 years of professional experience across 2 C|CISO domains: Governance (policy, legal and compliance) and IS Management Controls and Auditing Management (projects, technology and operations)." A 250-question multiple-choice exam is also required.
More information: https://www.eccouncil.org/ciso/

OSSTMM Professional Security Analyst
Issuing Org.: ISECOM (Institute for Security and Open Methodologies)
Description: "The OPSA is a certification of applied knowledge designed to improve the work done as a professional security analyst. This is an important certification for those who want or need to prove they can walk the walk in data network security analysis, the discipline which covers critical security evaluations and decision-making required in both technical and management fields."More information: www.isecom.org

Requirements: "OPSA certification requires a grade of D (60%) or better [on the relevant exam]. Each certificate is accompanied by a transcript which reflects the grade and areas of strengths and weaknesses. The grade of A (90% or better) includes a seal of excellence."

Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
Issuing Org.: EC Council
Description: "The goal of the ethical hacker is to help the organization take preemptive measures against malicious attacks by attacking the system himself; all the while staying within legal limits. This philosophy stems from the proven practice of trying to catch a thief, by thinking like a thief. If hacking involves creativity and thinking 'out-of-the-box', then vulnerability testing and security audits will not ensure the security proofing of an organization. The CEH Program certifies individuals in the specific network security discipline of Ethical Hacking from a vendor-neutral perspective."
Requirements: Pass the CEH exam 312-50
More information: www.eccouncil.org/CEH.htm

EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA)
Issuing Org.: EC Council
Description: "EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA) complements the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) certification by exploring the analytical phase of ethical hacking. While CEH exposes the learner to hacking tools and technologies, ECSA takes it a step further by exploring how to analyze the outcome from these tools and technologies. Through groundbreaking penetration testing methods and techniques, ECSA class helps students perform the intensive assessments required to effectively identify and mitigate risks to the security of the infrastructure."
More information:www.eccouncil.org

Licensed Penetration Tester (LPT)
Issuing Org.: EC Council
Description: "EC-Council's Licensed Penetration Tester (LPT) is a natural evolution and extended value addition to its series of security related professional certifications. The Licensed Penetration Tester standardizes the knowledge base for penetration testing professionals by incorporating the best practices followed by experienced experts in the field. "
Requirements:
More information: www.eccouncil.org/lpt/Licensed_Penetration_Tester.htm

-Achieve Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) Certification.

-Achieve EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA) certification.

-Complete LPT Training Criteria:

-- Submit LPT Application form

-- Documentation on criminal background check, or an authentication from an investigation agency absolving a criminal history.

-- Resume with detailed professional experience, previous certification /certificates and references for verification to be submitted.

-- Agree to EC-Council Code of Ethics.

-Attend LPT Workshop at selected EC-Council's Accredited Training Centers

Professional in Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCIP) (formerly CCISP)
Issuing Org.: Critical Infrastructure Insitute
Description:
Requirements: "The PCIP certification is divided into three (3) seperate Classes. PCIP Class 1: CIP Program Course, PCIP Class 2: CIP Technical Course, and PCIP Class 3: CIP Applied Course. Individual class certificates will be award upon completion of each class but the PCIP certification is only awarded upon successful completion of all three (3) classes. Each class is small in size ensuring maximum personalization, a challenging hands on training environment, and follows a specifically designed curriculum focusing on critical infrastructure.
More information: www.ci-institute.org

"Critical infrastructure is defined by the office of Homeland Security as those assets, facilities, industries, and capabilities that are needed to support commerce and our daily lives. This includes SCADA, energy, utility, oil & gas, financial, communications, and transportation to name a few. Since the birth of the internet, the threats that these industries face are becoming increasingly more complex, and alarmingly more common, as these, once isolated, environments are now faced with viruses, hackers, cyber terrorists, and remote threats of high available system outages. Securing the systems and network environments that support this critical infrastructure is more important in today's world now more than ever and requires an extended set of specialized skills.

Professionals carrying the PCIP designation will have demonstrated the necessary knowledge and professional skills required for designing, maintaining, and managing security architectures for critical infrastructure, SCADA, and high-availability environments. These skills range from security architecture design & management to highly advanced technical skills such as those used by hackers to circumvent security measures as well as countermeasure techniques all specific to these critical infrastructure, SCADA, and high availability environments."

For authenticity purposes, each PCIP recipient carries a PCIP certification card displaying the PCIP recipients' names, PCIP number, and date of certification, which is also kept in a secure database for reference on the CI-INSTITUTE.ORG website. Recipients must recertify every 2 years or maintain their certification with approved CPE credits (Continued Professional Education). This ensures the PCIP holder maintains current knowledge of security threats and solutions."

Anti-Hacking Certification
Issuing Org.: Security University
Description: "The Anti-Hacking Certification offers the basics of performance based computer security education. From building a blueprint of your critical assets with Network Penetration Testing class, to knowing how a hacker thinks, and where the compromise happened inside your network, this certification exceeds users expectations for labs and experience."
More information: www.securityuniversity.net

Qualified Information Security Professional (Q/ISP) (Formerly named AIS, Advanced Information Security)
Issuing Org.: Security University
Description: "The AIS Certification (Advanced Information Security) includes advanced information security classes. These classes include PKI & certificate management, Security Policies and Services Oriented Architecture and IDS monitoring classes.
Requirements: "In order to qualify for the AIS certification you have to complete the 4 Anti-Hacking Certification classes and the 4 AIS classes. The AIS classes are hands-on classes with performance based testing, the labs and experience exceed users expectations."
More information: www.securityuniversity.net

APPLICATION SECURITY AND SOFTWARE SECURITY CERTIFICATIONS

GIAC Secure Software Programmer (GSSP)
Issuing Org: SANS Institute
Description: Various GSSP certifications specify expertise in C, Java, or .NET.
Requirements:
More information:
www.giac.org/certifications/software

Certified Secure Software Lifecycle Professional (CSSLP)
Issuing Org: ISC2
Description:
Requirements:
More information: www.isc2.org/csslp-certification.aspx

"The following domains make up the CSSLP CBK.

* Secure Software Concepts - security implications in software development

* Secure Software Requirements - capturing security requirements in the requirements gathering phase

* Secure Software Design - translating security requirements into application design elements CSSLP Man

* Secure Software Implementation/Coding - unit testing for security functionality and resiliency to attack, and developing secure code and exploit mitigation

* Secure Software Testing - integrated QA testing for security functionality and resiliency to attack * Software Acceptance - security implication in the software acceptance phase

* Software Deployment, Operations, Maintenance and Disposal - security issues around steady state operations and management of software"

Software Security Engineering Certification
Issuing Org.: Security University
Description: "Security University Software Security Engineer Certification is a number of classes that make a Software Security Engineer Certification. This certification is for anyone interested in securing software from flaws and bugs, with how to break code, and best practices for checking your code, to penetration testing your code. These classes and certification are new and will provide consistent, extreme hands-on software security labs and classes with trademarked escalating workshops and performance based training for security, IT professionals and now coding /developers."

More information: www.securityuniversity.net

PHYSICAL SECURITY AND LOSS PREVENTION CERTIFICATIONS

Cert: Certified Protection Professional (CPP)
Issuing Org: ASIS International
Description: "As the emphasis on protecting people, property, and information increases, it has strengthened the demand for professional managers&. Nearly 10,000 professionals have earned the designation of CPP. This group of professionals has demonstrated its competency in the areas of security solutions and best-business."
Requirements:
More information: ASIS International

- Education: Bachelor's degree or higher from an accredited institution, and seven years of security experience, including at least three years in responsible charge of a security function

OR

- Work Experience: Nine years of security experience, including at least three years in responsible charge of a security function.

- All applicants must pass CPP examination

- Also requires no prior conviction of significant criminal offense

Name: Physical Security Professional (PSP)
Issuing Org.: ASIS International
Description: "The physical security examination is targeted to security professionals whose primary responsibility is to conduct threat surveys; design integrated security systems that include equipment, procedures, and people; or install, operate, and maintain those systems."
Requirements:
More information: ASIS International

Experience and Education

1. Five years of experience in the physical security field

2. High school diploma or GED

3. The applicant must not have been convicted of significant criminal

Must adhere to PSP Code of Professional Responsibility.

Cert: Loss Prevention Qualified (LPQ)
Issuing Org:Loss Prevention Foundation
Description:"Designed to be a benchmark education for entry level loss prevention associates."
Requirements:Coursework and exam
More information: http://www.losspreventioncertification.com/INDX-LearnMore.htm

Cert: Loss Prevention Certified (LPC)
Issuing Org:Loss Prevention Foundation
Description:"Designed as advanced education for loss prevention management and executives who hope to further their career in the loss prevention field." Available Spring 2009.
Requirements:Online coursework and proctored exam
More information: http://www.losspreventioncertification.com/INDX-LearnMore.htm

FRAUD, INVESTIGATION AND FORENSICS CERTIFICATIONS

Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE)
Issuing Org.: Association of Certified Fraud Examiners
Description: "Since 1988, the Association has been dedicated to educating and certifying qualified individuals (Certified Fraud Examiners) in the highly specialized aspects of fraud detection and prevention. The diverse membership of the Association includes auditors, accountants, fraud investigators, loss prevention specialists, attorneys, educators, criminologists, and other anti-fraud professionals.
Requirements: "Before applying to become a CFE, candidates must first become Associate Members of the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. Further requirements include the equivalent of a bachelors degree from a recognized institution of higher learning, two years of professional experience related directly or indirectly to the detection and deterrence of fraud, and successful completion of the Uniform CFE Examination. "
More information:
www.cfenet.com

The Certified Fraud Examiner program is an accrediting process for individuals with the specialized skills to detect, investigate, and deter fraud. Certified Fraud Examiners have the expertise to resolve allegations of fraud from inception to disposition, gather evidence, take statements, write reports, testify to findings, and assist in the prevention and detection of fraud."

CERT-Certified Computer Security Incident Handler
Issuing Org.: Software Engineering Institute (SEI)
Description: "SEI CERT provides certification and training programs to support the needs of DoD 8570 and provide military, civilian, and contract personnel who handle information assurance for DoD systems with the appropriate certification and training needed for the job they perform. The SEI's CERT Virtual Training Environment provides on-line courses that support several certification programs, as well as development of core IA skills. "
Requirements: "SEI-Certified Computer Security Incident Handlers
More information: sei.cmu.edu

- are knowledgeable and skilled in the latest practices in the cyber security field

- have completed an industry leading qualification track

- commit to a professional code of conduct that separates them from all other practitioners in the field

- ensure that the organization stays current on recent innovations and research in the computer security field."

Certified Identity Theft Risk Management Specialist (CITRMS)
Issuing Org.: Institute of Consumer Financial Education
Description: "The Certified Identity Theft Risk Management Specialist (CITRMS) certification program is the nations only training program specifically developed for professionals who are dedicated to educating and assisting clients, customers, businesses, and the general public in combating the epidemic of Identity Theft and related fraud. CITRMS-qualified professionals are employed by a wide range of organizations including financial institutions; mortgage, real estate, and financial services firms; law enforcement, and other government agencies. Many others are private practitioners including attorneys, CPAs, financial advisors, counselors, and consultants."
More information: www.icfe.org Professional Certified Investigator (PCI)
Topic: Investigations
Issuing Org.: ASIS International
Description:. The PCI certification will help employers identify those professionals who have the specific, in-depth competency and knowledge required not only to get the job done - but to get it done right. Examination consists of multiple-choice questions covering tasks, knowledge, and skills in case management, evidence collection, and case presentation
Requirements:
More information: ASIS International

- Experience and Education

1. Five years' investigations experience, with at least two in case management.

2. A high school diploma or GED equivalent.

3. Adherance to PCI Code of Professional Responsibility

CyberSecurity Forensic Analyst (CSFA)
Issuing Org.: Cybersecurity Insitute
Description: "CSFA candidates will have three days to take the test. There is a written component of 50 multiple choice questions, with the majority of the test being hands-on. Candidates will be given a scenario that includes processing a hard drive and may include other media such as a CD, DVD, or USB drive. Some scenarios include a cellular phone or other handheld device. The test candidate may be presented with a running computer to analyze, or will have the media/devices to be analyzed being delivered by courier. Hard drives to be processed will be 10 Gigabytes or smaller, depending on the scenario.
Requirements: Minimum 2 years' experience, plus an FBI background check.
More information: www.cybersecurityforesnicanalyst.com

The written test will comprise 30% of the total score, with the practical comprising 70% of the total score. An overall score of 85% must be attained in order to earn the designation of CyberSecurity Forensic Analyst (CSFA)."

Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator Certification (CHFI)
Issuing Org.: EC Council
Description: "Computer hacking forensic investigation is the process of detecting hacking attacks and properly extracting evidence to report the crime and conduct audits to prevent future attacks. Computer forensics is simply the application of computer investigation and analysis techniques in the interests of determining potential legal evidence. Evidence might be sought in a wide range of computer crime or misuse, including but not limited to theft of trade secrets, theft of or destruction of intellectual property, and fraud. CHFI investigators can draw on an array of methods for discovering data that resides in a computer system, or recovering deleted, encrypted, or damaged file information."
Requirements:
More information: www.eccouncil.org

PRIVACY CERTIFICATIONS

Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP)
Issuing Org.: International Association of Privacy Professionals, IAPP
Description: "The Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP) debuted in 2004 and has since become the industry-standard certification in corporate compliance with U.S. privacy laws and regulations as well as European requirements for transfers of personal data.
Requirements: Successful candidates have become IAPP members and also have completed and passed the Certification Foundation Examination and the CIPP Examination.
More information:
IAPP

BUSINESS CONTINUITY CERTIFICATIONS

Associate Business Continuity Planner (ABCP)
Issuing Org.: DRI International
Description: "The Associate Business Continuity Planner (ABCP) or Associate level, is for individuals with at least a specified minimum level of knowledge in business continuity/disaster recovery planning, but who have not yet attained the two years of experience required for CBCP. Individuals can also qualify if they work in positions related to--but not actually in--business continuity/disaster recovery planning."
More information: DRII

Certified Business Continuity Professional (CBCP)
Issuing Org.: DRI International
Description: "DRII's CBCP certification is reserved for individuals who have demonstrated their knowledge and experience in the business continuity / disaster recovery industry."
Requirements: A minimum of two years of experience as a business continuity/disaster recovery planner.
More information: DRII

Master Business Continuity Professional (MBCP)
Issuing Org.: DRI International
Description: "The Master Business Continuity Professional (MBCP) or Master level, targets an individual with a minimum of five years of experience as a business continuity/disaster recovery planner. In addition, the MBCP must attain a higher score on the CBCP Examination, and either successfully complete a case-study examination or complete a directed research project and paper. An additional prerequisite for the CBCP and MBCP certification levels is the demonstration of proficiency in a specific number of Subject Areas of the Professional Practices for Business Continuity Planners."
More information: DRII

Business Continuity Certified Planner (BCCP)
Issuing Org.: BCM Institute
Description: "The BCCP recognizes practitioners who are involved in developing, implementing and maintaining BC procedures and processes for their business sub-units; as well as for senior and middle management involved in BCM. "
More information: BCM Institute

Business Continuity Certified Specialist (BCCS)
Issuing Org.: BCM Institute
Description: "The specialist's role as it implies are designed to recognised individuals who are participating as department coordinators in the BCP project. The BCCS caters to coordinators supporting business users. The DRCS caters to individuals who are participating in the DR planning stages; usually, overseeing specific areas in the IT infrastructure, application, software and hardware."
Requirements: One year of relevant experience, plus four days of training coursework (or equivalent certification) and an examination.
More information: BCM Institute

Business Continuity Certified Expert (BCCE)
Issuing Org.: BCM Institute
Description: "The Business Continuity Certified Expert (BCCE) certification is designed and developed to instill pertinent concepts and knowledge in BCM practitioners; which will enable them to drive organizational-wide BCM programs; develop business continuity and recovery strategies; develop and implement comprehensive BC plans; develop and implement BCM awareness and training programs; conduct exercises and tests; implement BCM audit and assessment programs to ensure BC plan effectiveness. This course is designed and developed to train BC managers, planners, and project managers."
Requirements:
More information: BCM Institute

Disaster Recovery Certified Specialist (DRCS)
Issuing Org.: BCM Institute
Description:
Requirements: Training course and a certification exam.
More information:

Disaster Recovery Certificate Expert (DRCE)
Issuing Org.: BCM Institute
Description: "Individuals intending to qualify for the expert level are expected to manage and drive organizational-wide BCP/DRP projects. Such individuals are expected to assist organizations to sustain BCM programs. This will involve developing and conducting integrated tests and exercises; which should also assess the coordination between inter and intra-dependent business and support units (including IT). The BCCE is targeted at individuals involved in BCM. The DRCE is targeted at individuals involved in DRP."
Requirements: Training and a certification exam, plus three years' experience in BCP and/or DRP
More information: BCM Institute

AUDIT CERTIFICATIONS

Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)Issuing Org.: ISACADescription: "Awarded by the Information Systems Audit and Control Association to those individuals with an interest in information systems auditing, control, and security who have met and continue to meet specific requirements."Requirements: More information: www.isaca.org

-Successfully complete the CISA Examination

-Adhere to the Information Systems Audit and Control Association's Code of Professional Ethics

-Submit evidence of a minimum of five (5) years of professional information systems (IS) auditing, control or security work experience. Substitution and waivers of such experience applies

-Adhere to a continuing education program."

Certified Internal Auditor (CIA)
Issuing Org.: Institute of Internal Auditors
Description: "The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) offers Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) certification which requires candidates to master their ability to identify risks, examine alternative remedies, and prescribe the best initiatives to control these risks. CIAs master auditing standards and practices as well as management principles and controls, information technology, and emerging strategies to improve business and government. CIAs learn the best ways to manage business. The CIA exam tests a candidate's knowledge and ability regarding the current practice of internal auditing. It enables candidates and prospective managers to adapt to professional changes and challenges by:
More information: www.theiia.org

-Addressing nearly all management skills.

-Focusing on the principles of management control.

-Measuring a candidate's understanding of risk management and internal controls."

Certification in Control Self-Assessment (CCSA)
Issuing Org.: Institute of Internal Auditors
Description: "Gaining the required knowledge of areas such as risk and control models—often considered the realm of auditors only—exposes CSA practitioners from all backgrounds to concepts that are vital in effectively using CSA to help clients achieve their objectives."
Requirements: "Candidates must complete 54 CPD (continuing professional development) hours in the following manner: 18 CPD hours for Introduction to Control Self-Assessment; 18 CPD hours for either Value-Added Business Controls: The Right Way to Manage Risk or Evaluating Internal Controls: A COSO-Based Approach; and 18 CPD hours for either Assessing Risk: A Better Way to Audit or CSA Facilitation Techniques for Auditors."
More information: www.theiaa.org

RISK MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATIONS

Note: The first three are focused on financial risk management and/or insurance.

Professional Risk Manager
Issuing Org: The Professional Risk Managers International Association
Requirements: Certification requires passing four separate exams:
More information:
www.prmia.org

- Finance Theory, Financial ­Instruments and Markets

- Mathematical Foundations of Risk Measurement

- Risk Management Practices

- Case Studies, PRMIA Standards of Best Practice, Conduct and Ethics, Bylaws

Associate in Risk Management (ARM and ARM-E)
Issuing Org:American Institute for Chartered Property Casualty Underwriters
Description: ARM and variations focus on financial risk management through insurance.
More information:www.aicpcu.org

"To be an effective risk manager, you need to develop the skills that are vital to effectively controlling, assessing, and financing risk. The Institutes Associate in Risk Management program helps you enhance your risk management skills by teaching you how to build and implement a balanced risk financing strategy using retention, transfer, and hybrids."

Financial Risk Manager
Issuing Org: Global Association of Risk Professionals
Description: "The FRM program is rigorous and is designed to measure a candidate's grasp of the latest technical and industry knowledge; successful completion of the program signifies a candidate's ability to keep pace with a rapidly changing financial landscape."
More information: www.garp.org

Note: The third certification in this Risk Management category is IT-focused.

Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC)

Issuing Org: ISACA

Description: "Designed for IT professionals who have hands-on experience with risk identification, assessment, and evaluation; risk response; risk monitoring; IS control design and implementation; and IS control monitoring and maintenance."

More information: ISACA's site

PROJECT MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATIONS

Project Management Professional (PMP)
Issuing Org: Project Management Institute
Description:
Requirements: To apply, you must have
More information:
www.pmi.org

EITHER a four-year degree (bachelors or the global equivalent) and at least three years of project management experience, with 4,500 hours leading and directing projects and 35 hours of project management education. OR a secondary diploma (high school or the global equivalent) with at least five years of project management experience, with 7,500 hours leading and directing projects and 35 hours of project management education.

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